Flow Control Principals and Hydraulic Flow Sensing...Read More
Flow Control Valves
What are flow control valves?
Flow control valves are designed toestablish a constant pre-set maximum flow rate, regardless of fluctuating demand or varying system pressure, in order to prevent the supply system from over consumption (see below graphs).
There are different methods for applying flow control: mechanical, electronic and hydraulic. BERMAD offers fully automatic hydraulic flow control.
Please refer to blog Hydraulic Flow Control.
In irrigation for example, flow-limiting is required at the outlets from main systems to consumers such as mainline to hydrant line, hydrant line to distribution line and more.
In Waterworks flow control is required at reservoir inlets, mixing junctions etc.
Please refer to blog on reservoirs’ flow control application in India Water Supply in Karnataka, India.
Designers use flow control valves to ensure that the flow won’t exceed the system’s designed flow rate. Prioritizing it over users when they attempt to consume more than the system’s specifications.
Flow Control Valve Diagram
How do flow control valves work?
A Hydraulic Flow Control Valve is equipped with a flow control pilot designed to hydraulically sense the differential pressure associated with varying flows. The flow control pilot commands the valve to throttle when the demand increases above the setting and to open the valve when the demand decreases below the setting.
- Hydraulic flow control valves react to changes in the parameters they sense by either opening or closing to control the flow rate.
- This is a “progressive” process, meaning that an increase in demand results in the valve reducing the flow progressively.
- The more the valve closes, the more the downstream Flow rate is reduced.
- When demand is lower than design parameters, the valve opens.
Please refer to blog Flow Control Valves.
What are the common types of Flow Control Valves?
System demand can vary due to different reasons, like unequal irrigation shifts in agriculture or typical municipal consumption in Waterworks.
In these cases, pilots must be designed to continuously measure the differential pressure.
An example is using an Orifice Assy as a flow sensor and a differential pressure pilot to continuously senses the flowrate by changes in the differential pressure or ΔP across the orifice (connected by two sensing tubes).
Refer to BERMAD flow control valve model 770-U Product page.
For minimal headloss and easy in-filed recalibration BERMAD offers a unique paddle pilot sensor & a pilot dedicated for Irrigation system.
Refer to BERMAD flow control valve model 172-50-3W-Xt Product page.